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4-1 Final Project Milestone Two: Risk and Budget

Jacob Wright

Southern New Hampshire University

QSO – 355: Resource Estimate & Schedule

Professor Duhac

27 May 2023

4-1 Final Project Milestone Two: Risk and Budget

In any project, inherent risks can potentially impact its success. Identifying and managing these risks is crucial to ensure project completion within the defined scope, budget, and time.

· Scope-related risks arise from uncertainties or changes in the project's scope. Scope creep, where the project requirements expand beyond the initial definition, can lead to increased costs, schedule delays, and resource over utilization. Poorly defined or ambiguous requirements may also result in rework or stakeholder dissatisfaction.

· Budget-related risks: Budget constraints can be a significant source of risk. Unexpected cost overruns may occur due to inaccurate cost estimates, unforeseen expenses, inflation, or market fluctuations (Krane et al., 2009). Inadequate financial planning or inadequate contingency reserves can severely impact project delivery, resource allocation, and stakeholder satisfaction.

· Time-related risks: Time-related risks stem from challenges in meeting project deadlines. Poor project scheduling, insufficient resource allocation, unrealistic timeframes, or external dependencies can lead to delays (Krane et al., 2009). Delays can further cascade into increased costs, stakeholder dissatisfaction, and potential opportunity losses.

· Resource-related risks: Inadequate resources or skill gaps among team members can threaten project success. Insufficient availability or allocation of skilled personnel, lack of access to necessary tools or technology, or competing organizational priorities can hamper project progress (Krane et al., 2009). It is important to carefully assess resource requirements and ensure appropriate resource allocation and management throughout the project lifecycle.

· Technical risks: Projects that involve complex or emerging technologies often face technical risks. These risks include compatibility issues, system failures, security vulnerabilities, or unexpected technical limitations. Insufficient testing, inadequate technical expertise, or reliance on unproven solutions can amplify these risks.

· Stakeholder-related risks: Stakeholders play a critical role in project success. Risks can arise from miscommunication, conflicting interests, or lack of stakeholder engagement. Changes in stakeholder priorities or introducing new stakeholders during the project can create challenges that impact project scope, schedule, or resource allocation (Krane et al., 2009).

· Environmental risks: Environmental factors such as natural disasters, political instability, or regulatory changes can significantly impact project execution. These risks can disrupt supply chains, affect resource availability, or introduce new compliance requirements that may necessitate adjustments to the project plan.

A comprehensive risk management plan should be established early in the project lifecycle to mitigate these risks effectively. This plan should include risk identification, assessment, prioritization, and appropriate mitigation strategies. Regular monitoring and reassessment of risks throughout the project and contingency planning can help address potential issues proactively. By recognizing and addressing these likely sources of risk, project stakeholders can enhance their ability to navigate challenges and improve the overall chances of project success. Effective risk management practices contribute to the project's stability, enable timely decision-making, and foster a proactive approach to risk mitigation.


Several risk mitigation strategies can be implemented to minimize the impact of the identified risks in a project. These strategies aim to proactively address potential threats and ensure project success within the defined scope, budget, and time. Here are some recommended strategies for each of the identified areas of risk:

1. Scope-related risks:

a) Clearly Define Project Scope: Invest sufficient time and effort upfront to define and document the project scope in collaboration with stakeholders (Ahmed, 2017). Establish a robust change management process to control scope creep and ensure all changes are properly evaluated and approved.

b) Stakeholder Engagement and Communication: Regularly communicate with stakeholders to clarify requirements and expectations (Ahmed, 2017). Conduct frequent reviews and seek early feedback to identify any misunderstandings or gaps in understanding and address them promptly.

2. Budget-related risks:

a) Accurate Cost Estimation: Conduct thorough cost estimation exercises involving relevant experts and considering all project activities, resources, and potential risks. Include contingency reserves in the budget to account for unforeseen expenses or market fluctuations (Ahmed, 2017).

b) Regular Financial Monitoring: Implement robust financial monitoring and control mechanisms to track project expenditures and compare them against the budget. Promptly identify and address any deviations from the planned budget.

3. Time-related risks:

a) Comprehensive Project Scheduling: Develop a realistic project schedule by considering all necessary tasks, dependencies, and resource availability. Ensure the schedule accounts for potential delays and includes buffer time for unexpected events (Ahmed, 2017).

b) Effective Resource Management: Allocate resources appropriately based on their availability, skills, and workload (Krane et al., 2009). Regularly monitor resource utilization and make necessary adjustments to prevent overallocation or bottlenecks.

4. Resource-related risks:

a) Resource Planning and Acquisition: Conduct a thorough assessment of resource requirements early in the project and ensure adequate resources are allocated (Ahmed, 2017). Identify potential skill gaps and provide training or hire external expertise as needed.

b) Proactive Resource Management: Continuously monitor resource availability and workload. Anticipate resource constraints and conflicts and proactively address them, such as adjusting timelines, reallocating resources, or outsourcing certain tasks.

5. Technical risks:

a) Technical Expertise and Testing: Ensure the project team possesses the technical expertise to handle complex or emerging technologies (Ahmed, 2017). Conduct thorough testing and quality assurance processes to identify and address technical issues early on.

b) Risk Assessment and Mitigation Planning: Identify and assess potential technical risks specific to the project. Develop mitigation strategies that include contingency plans, alternative solutions, or additional testing to minimize the impact of technical failures or limitations.

6. Stakeholder-related risks:

a) Stakeholder Analysis and Engagement: Conduct a comprehensive stakeholder analysis to identify key stakeholders, their interests, and potential conflicts (Krane et al., 2009). Develop a stakeholder engagement plan to foster open communication, manage expectations, and proactively address conflicts or issues.

b) Change Management: Implement a robust change management process to handle changes in stakeholder priorities or the introduction of new stakeholders. Ensure changes are properly evaluated, communicated, and incorporated into the project plan (Krane et al., 2009).

7. Environmental risks:

a) Environmental Monitoring: Stay informed about external factors such as political, environmental, or regulatory changes that may impact the project. Regularly monitor relevant news sources and maintain communication channels with relevant authorities or experts.

b) Contingency Planning: Develop contingency plans that account for potential environmental risks. Identify alternative suppliers, establish backup systems, or incorporate flexibility into the project plan to adapt to changing circumstances.

It is important to note that risk management should be an ongoing and iterative process throughout the project. Regularly reassess risks, update mitigation strategies, and communicate any changes to the project team and stakeholders. By adopting a proactive and comprehensive approach to risk management, project stakeholders can increase their ability to navigate challenges effectively and improve the overall success rate of the project.



Estimated Cost

Website Development

Front-end design and development


Back-end development


Content management system integration


Database setup and integration


User registration and login functionality


Product catalog setup


Shopping cart and checkout functionality


Payment gateway integration


Order management system integration


Shipping and logistics integration


User Experience and Design

User interface (UI) design


Mobile responsiveness


Usability testing


Content and Data Management

Product data entry and migration


Content creation and optimization


Search engine optimization (SEO)


Security and Performance

SSL certificate and website security


Performance optimization


Integration and Third-Party Services

Social media integration


CRM integration


Email marketing integration


Analytics and reporting tools integration


Testing and Quality Assurance

Functional testing


Cross-browser and device compatibility testing


Performance testing


Bug fixing and quality assurance


Training and Documentation

User training materials


Technical documentation


Contingency Reserve (10% of the total estimated cost)


Total Estimated Budget



1. The estimated costs for each deliverable are based on research, cost estimates from vendors, and consultation with subject matter experts.

2. The contingency reserve addresses unexpected risks and uncertainties, calculated at 10% of the total estimated cost.

3. The total budget for the project is $153, 200 including all deliverables and contingency reserve.

In conclusion, by identifying potential sources of risk, implementing effective risk mitigation strategies, and developing an initial high-level budget, Chris Johnson can proactively address the critical elements of risk and budget management for the online store project at A&D High Tech. These actions will help minimize the impact of risks, ensure project success, and align the project's costs with the expected deliverables.


Ahmed, R. (2017, August 30). Risk Mitigation Strategies in Innovative Projects. Key Issues for Management of Innovative Projects.

Krane, H. P., Rolstadås, A., & Olsson, N. O. E. (2009). Categorizing risks in seven large projects—what risks do the projects focus on? Paper presented at PMI® Global Congress 2009—EMEA, Amsterdam, North Holland, The Netherlands. Newtown Square, PA: Project Management Institute.

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