Other than rice, what was South Carolina’s most significant export in the early eighteenth century?
By the eighteenth century, the leading slave-trading nation had become
What aspect of the New England economy grew most dramatically in the eighteenth century?
the fur trade
the maritime economy
How did Thomas Paine’s pamphlet Common Sense transform American thinking about politics?
It was the first publication to propose independence from Britain.
It denounced monarchy as being incompatible with liberty.
It explained that independence could be achieved without war.
It argued that constitutional monarchy is the best system of government.
It laid out a framework for the constitution of the newly independent states.
Why did the British shift their attention to the South in the latter years of the American Revolution?
Their naval power could easily overwhelm the ports and cities of the South.
They believed the contributions of escaped slaves would tip the balance in their favor.
The geography of the South was better suited to their style of warfare.
They had already defeated the colonies of the North and secured their positions there.
There were more Loyalists in the South.
What was the effect of King George III’s rejection of the “Olive Branch” petition sent by the First Continental Congress?
George III effectively repudiated the British Constitution.
The Continental Congress declared war on the British government.
British troops were given the authority to arrest any Patriots and seize their property.
Those who supported independence no longer believed reconciliation was possible.
Great numbers of Loyalists decided to take up the cause of the Patriots instead.
How might the Whig theory of virtual representation have contributed to the tensions leading to the American Revolution?
The British hoped to impose a similar system of representation on the colonial assemblies.
The colonists did not understand the workings of Parliament.
The British placed more faith than the colonists did in the power of the crown.
The British did not comprehend the colonists’ view that they were not represented in Parliament.
The colonists believed that Parliament could represent their interests but the king could not.
Why did Americans of the revolutionary generation look to the Roman Republic as a model?
It represented imperial power.
It represented the ideal of republic virtue.
It represented the mythical past.
It represented the separation of church and state.
It represented equality and democracy.
Women were expected to participate in the political life of the new republic by
adorning their homes with patriotic images.
inspiring their husbands through their wit and beauty.
taking up the profession of teaching.
cultivating patriotism and virtue in their children.
managing their households.
What caused the trade deficit with Britain after the Revolution?
the need to replace items destroyed in the war
desire for luxury goods that had been unavailable during the war
the refusal of banks to extend credit
America’s first depression
What encouraged President Taylor to secure the annexation of Texas?
the support of most Texans for joining the Union
James K. Polk’s victory in the 1844 election
the postponement of the decision whether Texas would be a slave state
Americans’ overwhelming support for expansion despite their differences over slavery
the growing population and economic importance of the South
What was Henry Clay’s position on the annexation of Texas?
He did not want Texas admitted to the Union.
He wanted to persuade Texas to abandon slavery so that it could be admitted.
He was indifferent to the issue.
He hoped that the addition of Texas would empower Southern slave states.
He believed it should be admitted in conjunction with the admission of a free state.
The Wilmot Proviso proposed that
slavery should be banned in the territory gained in the Mexican War.
slavery should be ended by the turn of the century.
the gag rule should be restored in Congress.
the property of western slaveholders should be protected.
slavery should be abolished throughout the United States.
In the Lincoln-Douglas debates, Abraham Lincoln stated his belief that
the nation could find a compromise on the issue of slavery.
slavery should be abolished.
Southern states would eventually secede.
whites and blacks should be social and legal equals.
African Americans were entitled to rights.
Which aspect of the Compromise of 1850 proved to be most controversial?
the maintenance of slavery in Washington, D.C.
the admission of California as a free state
the Fugitive Slave Act
the division of New Mexico into two territories
the reduction of the size of the state of Texas
Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe influenced Northerners in what way?
They became more hostile toward slavery.
They became impassioned abolitionists.
They accepted slavery as beneficial to African Americans.
They were moved to fight for racial equality.
d. They were moved to understand the position of Southern slaveholders.
What did the Kansas-Nebraska Act accomplish?
land treaties with Indians in the Kansas and Nebraska territories and the establishment of a railroad
the creation of Kansas and Nebraska as separate territories and the repeal of the Missouri Compromise Line
the establishment of slavery westward through California and the repeal of the Fugitive Slave Act
the admission of Kansas and Nebraska as slave states and the agreement that slavery would not be allowed in unorganized territories
the temporary deferral of the question of slavery and the emergence of Stephen
Douglas as an appealing presidential candidate
The Emancipation Proclamation
was made without political considerations.
was issued after a major Confederate victory.
did not apply to the Border States.
declared that all African Americans were now free.
forced Britain to recognize the Confederacy.
Which was a major problem on the Southern home front throughout the Civil War?
violent slave insurrections
a sharp drop in prices
frequent strikes by workers
an increasing population
Whom did President Lincoln name as commander of all Union forces in early 1864?
Ambrose E. Burnside
William T. Sherman
George B. McClellan
Ulysses S. Grant
What finally abolished slavery in the United States?
the surrender of General Robert E. Lee
the Emancipation Proclamation
the Thirteenth Amendment
the Confiscation Acts
Special Field Order No. 15
Why was Abraham Lincoln’s Reconstruction policy called the “Ten Percent Plan”?
Former Confederate states could reestablish their governments once 10 percent of voters pledged loyalty to the Union.
A 10 percent income tax would be levied on the residents of all former Confederate states.
It would forgive all Southerners except for high-ranking officials and military officers and the top 10 percent of the population in terms of wealth.
It would have resulted in the imprisonment of about 10 percent of those who had served in the Confederate military.
It would set aside 10 percent of Southern land to be granted to freedmen.
The organization known as the Freedmen’s Bureau was established as
a voter registration agency for ex-slaves in the South.
an all-purpose relief agency for the South.
a network of shelters for ex-slaves and refugees in the South.
an agency organized to keep former slaves on their plantations.
an agency aimed at procuring land for ex-slaves to own.
Andrew Johnson was selected as President Lincoln’s running mate in the 1864 presidential election in order to appeal to
Which statement would most likely have been said by a Radical Republican in 1865?
“Northern hypocrisy shall never determine the destiny of the South.”
“The Constitution does not allow for secession, therefore the South never actually left the Union.”
“The former Confederate states should be punished for secession and slavery.”
“It is with no malice in our hearts that we welcome the return of our Southern brothers.”
“Southerners were led astray by their leaders and should be treated with leniency.”
Describe the process by which the Constitution was ratified. Why was ratification by Virginia and New York seen as necessary? For what reasons did the Anti-Federalists decide to discontinue their opposition of the Constitution?